今天是:
当前位置:精品教育资源城 >> 英语 >> 七年级 >> 浏览教案

2012版新目标英语七下Unit3 How do you get to school?知识全解

 

 

---How long does it take (sb.) to do sth.? 花(某人)多长时间做某事?
---It takes (sb. )some time (to do sth.)

---How far is it from A to B? = How far is B from A?
---It is ... away from A?
---It is...
---It is... from A.
   有具体数字时,应与away from连用,口语中常省略away。如:How far is it from the school to the TV station? 从学校到电视台有多远?It is about 20 kilometers (away from the school). 没有具体数字时,应用far或near作答。如How far is it from your home to school? = How far is school from your home? It is very near. I walk to school every day. 很近,我每天步行去上学。

一、交通方式的表达法
(1) take+限定词(冠词,形容词性的物主代词)+交通工具名称。如:take a / the bus ( boat, ropeway, car, train, taxi, ship, plain ) ; take his / her / my car ; take the subway
in / on+限定词+交通工具名称。如:on a bus / bike / train / ropeway;  in his car  (3) by+交通工具名称。如:by bike / bus / boat (sea,ship) / car / subway / train / taxi / plane (air)
动词+ to+地点名词,常用的动词有walk,run,ride,drive,fly等。如: He wants to ride to his friend’s home. 他想骑车去朋友家。  My mother often walks to work. 我妈妈经常步行去上班。  Mr. King runs to work. 金先生跑步去上班。
注意:动词后若直接接地点副词(here, there, home),介词to要省略。She walks home from work every day. 她每天下班步行回家。
on foot 步行,Lucy goes home on foot every day. 露西每天步行回家。drive a / the / his / her car ;  ride a / the / his / her / my bike ;  ride their bikes
二、how long, how far, how often, how soon的区别   
how long有以下两个意思: 表示时间多久,主要用来对一段时间提问 (for+一段时间,half+一段时间,three days, four weeks等)。如:A:How long will he stay here? 他将在这儿呆多久?  B:About two weeks. 大约两个星期。  A:How long does it take to get to Beijing from here? 从这里到北京要多长时间?   B:About ten hours. 大约要10个小时。 
 提问单个事物本身的长度,与距离无关。如:A:How long is the river? 这条河有多长? B:About five hundred kilometers long. 大约500千米长。    
how far强调两地之间的距离,在疑问句中一般会出现两个地点。表示两地之间距离的常见短语有five kilometers, ten minutes’ walk  10分钟的步行路程, three hours’ ride  3小时的车程等。如:A:How far is your home from school? 你家离学校有多远? B:It is about ten minutes’ walk. 大约10分钟的步行路程。
how often指每隔多久,主要用来对频度副词或状语提问 (如always, usually, often, sometimes, never, three times a day / week / month /year, 以every开头构成的短语等)。如 A:How often does he come here? 他(每隔)多久来这儿一次?  B:Three times a month. 每月三次。 A: How often does he play volleyball with his friends? 你多久和你的朋友们打一次排球? B:Sometimes. 有时。  
4、how soon指再过多久,主要用来对表示将来的一段时间 (如in an hour, in two weeks等)提问。如: A:How soon will he be back? 他要多久才回来?   B:In an hour.  1 小时以后。 
三、take
(1)“买下” 。如:I will take the T-shirt for 20 yuan. 我要20元买下这件t恤衫。
(2)“拿,带到”。如:Take the soccer ball to the classroom. 把这个足球带到教室。
(3) “乘坐”。后面长接表示交通工具的名词。如:I usually take the subway to school. 我通常坐地铁去学校。
(4) “花费”。常用于it takes ( sb.) some time to do sth. 花费(某人)多少时间做某事。如:It takes me ten minutes to walk here. 步行到这儿要花费我10分钟。
四、many, much(都可意为“许多,大量”)
   many用来修饰可数名词的复数形式,如:Look! There are many buses over there. 看!那儿有很多公汽。
   much用来修饰不可数名词,如: I don’t have much time to have breakfast, so I eat it very quickly. 我没有太多的时间吃早饭,所以我吃得很快。 I don’t have much time with you. 我没有很多时间陪你。 I want to eat much rice for lunch.
   注意:how much询问价格时,它的回答若是中国的货币单位,应采用汉语拼音yuan,fen来表示,几角常采用几十分来表示,字母用小写,且不用复数。例如: -How much is the eraser?这块橡皮擦多少钱?-Ninety-two fen.九角二分。 
   how much用来询问数字计算的结果,相当于what。例如:-How much is three and one? 三加一等于多少?-It's four. 等于四。
五、选择疑问句(不能用Yes或No来回答。朗读时or前面部分用升掉,后面部分用降调)
   选择疑问句由两个或两个以上的一般疑问句构成,中间用or连接,后一个一般疑问句常用简略形式。如: A: Do you watch TV or do your homework at night / in the evening? 晚上你看电视还是做作业? B: I do my homework. 做作业。
Do you go by bus or by train? 你坐公交车还是坐火车呢?Go by train. 坐火车去。 A: Is the ruler hers or mine? 这把尺子是她的还是我的? B: It is hers. 是她的。  A: Can you play tennis or the guitar? 你会打网球还是会弹吉他? B: I can play the guitar. 我会弹吉他。
宾语从句的复合句
    Mary wants to know what he thinks of the trip. 玛丽想知道他对这次旅行的看法。剖析:此句是一个含有宾语的复合句,Mary wants to know是主句,what he thinks of the trip作动词know的宾语,是宾语从句,宾语从句需用陈述语序。如:I don’t know what time Miss Gao gets home every day. 我不知道高小姐每天几点到家。  She knows ice-cream is not good for her, but it taste good. 她知道冰激凌对她不好,但它却很好吃。剖析:She knows是主句,ice-cream is not good for her是宾语从句,作动词knows的宾语。
七、There be句型(某处存在某物或某人)
 “ There is +不可数名词/可数名词单数+地点状语.” 如: There is no (not a) bridge and the river runs too quickly for boats. 河流上没有桥,水流很急,船无法行驶。   How much milk is there in the cup?  杯子里有多少牛奶? 
 “ There are +可数名词复数+地点状语.” 如:There are hundreds of people dancing after dinner.  晚饭后,有数百人在跳舞。
注意:(1) 句子的主语时某人或某物,谓语动词be要与主语保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词的数要与跟它最近的那个词的数保持一致。如:There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. 我们的教室里有一位老师和许多学生。 There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 树下有两个男孩和一个女孩。
There is a book on the desk. (用how many改为特殊疑问句) How many books are there on the desk?   There are seven days in a week. (对划线部分提问) How many days are there in a week?  对there be句型中主语的数量如:some, five, only one等提问时,如果主语是可数名词,不管主语是单数还是复数,一般都用复数形式提问,因为问话人不知道具体的数量是多少,而且many只能接可数名词复数形式,所以be一定要用are. 即用 “How many+可数名词复数+are there+地点/时间状语?”的句型结构。
 “It is + adj.(形容词)+ to do sth.” (做某事怎么样?)
   当动词不定式、动名词或从句在某个句子中做主语时,为保持句子结构前后平衡,避免头重脚轻,常用it作形式主语置于句首,而将真正的主语放在句尾,it只起先行引导作用,本身无词义。
 It is very difficult for us to learn English well. 对我们来说,把英语学好很难。
 For many students, it is easy to get to school. 对于很多学生而言,到达学校是件容易的事情。
九、数字
(1) six,seven,nine均是直接在词尾加ty。即sixty 60, seventy 70 , ninety 90.
(2) eight后加y变为eighty 80. twenty 20, thirty 30, forty 40, fifty 50.
(3) hundred 当hundred前面有具体数字时,hundred用原形,表示“几百”;当hundred前没有具体数字且表示“数以百计”时,用 hundreds of 结构。如: Nine hundred people are in the train station. 火车站有900人。  Hundreds of people are in the train station. 数以百计的人在火车站。
十、every day与everyday
   every day意为“每天”,是个名词短语,可用作状语。 We go to school every day. 我们每天上学。
   everyday是个形容词,指“日常的”,可用作定语,如:everyday life日常生活;everyday English日常英语。如:We go to school every day to learn everyday English. 我们上学学习日常英语。
十一、stop与station
   stop一般指公共汽车在路上停止、乘客上下车的站点;station一般指始发站。
cross = go across
   across(介词、副词),意为“穿过”,强调动作在物体表面越过。They help the students go across the river. = They help the students cross the river. 他们帮助学生过河。
ride
   I ride my bike to school. = I go to school by bike. = I go to school on a bike. 我骑自行车去上学。剖析:此处的ride是动词。ride 还可用作名词。如:The bus ride takes about 20 minutes. 坐公交车大概花费20分钟。The bus ride is never boring, because I always talk to / with my classmates .坐车的路途从不无聊,因为我总是和我的同学交谈。
十四、重要短语
get to school 到达学校    get home / here / there 到家/这儿/那儿  ride a / the bike = by bike = on a bike 骑自行车  (take) drive a / the car = by car = in a car 开小汽车  take the subway = by subway乘地铁   go on a ropeway = take a ropeway滑索道   take a /the train = by train = on a train 乘火车    take a / the bus = by bus = on a bus 乘公交车    take a / the boat = by boat坐船   walk = on foot步行    how far 多远   how long 多久  every day 每天    have a good day愉快的一天   think of 认为   come true 实现  bus stop 公共汽车停车点  bus station 公共汽车站    subway station 地铁站  at school 在学校  cross the river过河  cross the bridge过桥 have to 不得不 too quickly太快                            leave home离开家   from home to school 从家到学校   be afraid 害怕      one 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩    between … and … 在    和    之间        be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事  many of the students and villagers 许多学生和村民   be like 像  一样thanks for... 为   而感谢  write a letter to sb. 给某人写一封信   write an e-mail to sb. 写一封邮件给某人  the school bus 校车  love to do sth喜爱做某事   it is their dream to do sth做某事是他们的梦想   like this / that 像这样/那样

发表评论
用户评论